Newcastle was named after a castle (2/12)

The Castle which you see today, also sometimes called Newcastle Castle, was built between 1172 and 1177 by the order of King Henry II. However on the same spot before it was a motte and bailey castle which was built by the son of William the Conqueror, Robert Curthose, after his father William I sent him north to defend the kingdom against the scots. Robert named his new castle ‘New Castle upon Tyne’ which is how the city got its name. 

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