In spite of their considerable war record and major successes in the war up to this point, Germany entered the Battle of Britain unprepared. Perhaps as a result of Hitler’s own hubris, the German military severely underestimated the fighting capacity of Britain’s own airforce, which in reality possessed superior technology and superior tactics. The RAF planes were extremely deadly for the Germans, and Luftwaffe (the German Airforce) aircraft were shot down faster than German factories were able to replace them. This eventually left to a shift in focus to night raids in which the civilian population were bombed relentlessly by German planes. While this caused a great number of civilian casualties and destruction across the southern cities of the UK, it did little to ensure Germany’s aerial dominance.